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Timeline of Jesus

When did Jesus live and what happened?

Jesus lived around the beginning of our era. We celebrate his birth during Christmas and we remember his death and resurrection on Good Friday and Easter. We know a little bit about his birth and young years. Around that he was 30 years old he started a public career. He was a preacher, he did miracles, and many people followed him. This is a chronological summary of his public life.

ancient Israel in the time of Jesus
Jerusalem in the time of Jesus

Timeline of Jesus birth and youth

Jesus was born 4 BC?

It’s kind of a funny fact that Jesus was born in the year 4 BC. Before Christ. How can that be? Well, in the earliest calculation there was a mistake made.

It’s obvious that Jesus was born on December 25, A.D. 1 , right? Wrong. What we do know is that Herod the Great (who killed all the babies in Bethlehem younger than 2 years of age) died in the Spring of 4 B.C. according to the Jewish historian Josephus, and the king was quite alive during the visit of the Wise Men (Magi) in the Nativity story told in the Gospel of Matthew. So Jesus would have to have been born before this time, anywhere from 7 B.C to 4 B.C. (Before Christ, or before himself!)

Why is there a gap of this much time in our modern calendar? We owe this to a Roman monk-mathematician-astronomer named Dionysis Exiguus, known to his friends as Dennis the Little. During the 6th century A.D. he unwittingly committed what has become history’s greatest numerical error as it relates to the calendar. As he endeavored to reform the Western calendar to center around Jesus’ birth, he erroneously placed the date of the Nativity in the year 753 “from the founding of Rome” (753 a.u.c. or Ab Urbe Condita), even though Herod died only 749 years after the founding of the city of Rome. The cumulative effect of Dionysis’ calendar error, which is the same calendar we use today, was to give the correct traditional date for the founding of Rome, but one that is at least 4 to 7 years off for the birth of Christ. (source)

  • 4 BC

    The angel Gabriel visits Mary in Nazareth

    An angel from God visits Mary, announcing she will be pregnant by the Holy Spirit.

    Why did God become human? Explore more »

  • 4 BC

    Census of Quirinius

    The census or enrollment, which, according to Luke 2:1, was the occasion of the journey of Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem where Jesus was born, is connected with a decree of Augustus embracing the Greek-Roman world.

  • 4 BC

    Birth of Jesus

    Historians generally assume Jesus was born between 6 BC - 4 BC

  • 4 BC

    Shepherds and Three Wise Men

    The infant Jesus is visited in Bethlehem by the Three Wise Men and the Shepherds

  • 4 BC

    Massacre of the Innocents

    Herod orders the "Massacre of the Innocents": the killing of all male children in Bethlehem aged two years and under.

  • 4 BC

    Fleeing to Egypt

    Mary, Joseph, and the infant Jesus flee to Egypt

  • 4 BC

    Death of Herod the Great

    The death of Herod the Great. His three sons divide up rule of Palestine under Roman Authority:

    • Archelaus ruled Judea and Samaria
    • Herod Antipas ruled Galilee and Perea
    • Herod Philip ruled Iturea and Trachonitis
  • 4 BC

    Birth of John the Baptist

    John the Baptist was six months older than Jesus (Luke 1:36)

  • 0 AD

    Traditional Date of the Birth of Jesus

    Due to the conflict regarding dates, we have continued the timeline of Jesus according to his age

  • Age 12

    Jesus visits the Temple in Jerusalem

    Explore more about Jerusalem in this map of the ancient city in Jesus' lifetime. To the interactive map »

  • Age 12 - 30

    Jesus works as a carpenter in Nazareth

Timeline of the public life of Jesus

  • Age 30

    Jesus is baptised by John the Baptist

    River Jordan, Judea.

  • Age 30

    Jesus in the Wilderness

    Judea

  • Age 30

    Jesus hails Andrew, Simon, Philip, And Nathaniel

    Bethabara

    Who were the 12 closest friends of Jesus during his life on earth?
    Explore more »

  • Age 30

    Miracle of turning the water into wine and drives the moneymakers from the temple

    Cana. Jerusalem.

  • Age 30

    Nighttime visit Of Nicodemus

    Jerusalem

  • Age 30

    Jesus and the Woman of Samaria

    Samaria: Sychar.

  • Age 30

    Miracle at Cana in Galilee

  • Age 30

    Pool of Bethesda

    Jerusalem

  • Age 30

    Jesus Reads in the Nazareth Synagogue

    Nazareth. Capernaum.

  • Age 31

    Jesus at the Sea of Galilee, Christ chooses the four

    Galilee: Capernaum.

  • Age 31

    Sermon on the Mount

    Near Capernaum

  • Age 31

    Miracle of the Leper

    By Lake Gennesaret. Capernaum.

  • Age 31

    Matthew is Called by Jesus

    Capernaum

  • Age 31

    Jesus in the Cornfield on the Sabbath

    Capernaum

  • Age 31

    Jesus & the Twelve Disciples

    Near Capernaum

  • Age 31

    Jesus and the imprisonment of John the Baptist

    Galilee, near Cana

  • Age 31

    Jesus and the Multitudes at the Shore

    Capernaum: Sea of Galilee

  • Age 31

    Jairus’ Daughter Healed

    Capernaum

  • Age 32

    Jesus Teaches in the Synagogue

    Nazareth. Capernaum

  • Age 32

    Mission of the Twelve Disciples

    Nazareth. Capernaum

  • Age 32

    Herod Seeks Out Jesus

    Decapolis: Bethsaida

  • Age 32

    Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes

    Bethsaida

  • Age 32

    Jesus Walks on the Water

    Sea of Galilee. Gennesaret

  • Age 32

    Jesus and the Pharisees

    Capernaum

  • Age 32

    Jesus and the Woman of Canaan

    Phenicia. Decapolis

  • Age 32

    Feeding the Multitude

    Decapolis. Dalmanutha. Bethsaida

  • Age 32

    Jesus Foretells his Own Fate

    Cesarea Philippi.

  • Age 32

    The Transfiguration

    On, and near, Mt. Hermon

  • Age 32

    Jesus Foretells his Death and Resurrection

    Galilee. Capernaum

  • Age 32

    Feast of the Tabernacle

    Jerusalem. Galilee.

  • Age 32

    Jesus Questioned by the Jews

    Jerusalem.

  • Age 32

    The Lords Prayer

    Perea.

    The Lord’s Prayer is a venerated Christian prayer that, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray. Watch the prayer here »

  • Age 32

    Sermon to the Innumerable Multitude

    Perea.

  • Age 32

    Journey To Jerusalem

    Perea. Bethany.

  • Age 33

    Jesus and Lazarus

    Perea. Bethany. Perea.

  • Age 33

    Jesus Journeys Through Samaria and Galilee

    Galilee. Samaria. Perea.

    Once Jesus was waiting at a well during a hot summer day. He encountered a woman there. Then he started talking to her… Watch the story here »

  • Age 33

    He tells of Imminent Betrayal

    Perea.

  • Age 33

    Miracle of the Two Blind Beggars

    Jericho.

  • Age 33

    The Mount of Olives

    Bethphage. Jerusalem.

  • Age 33

    In the Temple

    Jerusalem, in the Temple.

  • Age 33

    Mary and Martha

    Bethany.

  • Age 33

    The Passover Supper

    Bethany. Jerusalem: Upper Room.

  • Age 33

    The Last Supper

    Jerusalem: Upper Room.

  • Age 33

    Garden at Gethsemane

    Mount of Olives. Gethsemane.

  • Age 33

    Judas Iscariot Betrays Jesus

    Gethsemane. Jerusalem.

  • Age 33

    The Trial of Jesus

    Jerusalem.

    Explore more about the Stations of the Cross. It's helping believers to come closer to the suffering and sacrifice endured by Jesus Christ. Click here »

  • Age 33

    Pontius Pilate

    Jerusalem.

  • Age 33

    The Crucifixion

    Jerusalem. Golgotha: Calvary.

  • Age 33

    The Sepulchre

    Jerusalem: The Sepulchre.

  • Age 33

    The Resurrection

    Jerusalem: The Sepulchre.

    Can you imagine what you will feel when a good friend is gone? One of Jesus’ friends wanted to mourn at his grave. On the early Easter morning, Mary Magdalene was going to the tomb where they buried him. Watch the story here »

  • Age 33

    Doubting Thomas

    Emmaus. Jerusalem.

  • Age 33

    Jesus After the Resurrection

    Sea of Galilee.

  • Age 33

    The Ascension

    Galilee. Mt. Olivet. Bethany.